Standard electrode potentials, also known as reduction potentials, are essential in the study of electrochemistry. These values provide an indication of how easily an electrode can gain or lose electrons, and they play a crucial role in understanding how reactions occur between a metal and a non-metal, or between different metals.
For instance, the standard electrode potential of a metal is used to predict the direction of electron flow in a reaction, and it is also a predictor of whether the reaction will be spontaneous or not. In simpler terms, the standard electrode potential of an electrode determines whether it will act as a reductant or an oxidant in an electrochemical cell.
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