The standard reduction potential, also known as the electron-transfer potential, is a crucial concept in electrochemistry. It refers to the tendency of a chemical species to acquire electrons and be reduced to a more stable form. This tendency is expressed as a voltage and is typically measured in volts.
The standard reduction potential plays a central role in determining the direction of electron transfer reactions, which are essential in many natural and technological processes, such as photosynthesis, energy storage, and corrosion. For example, in an electrochemical cell, the species with a more negative reduction potential will tend to transfer electrons to the species with a more positive reduction potential.
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